Opposites Attract: Assortative Mating and Immigrant–Native Intermarriage in Modern Sweden

Opposites Attract: Assortative Mating and Immigrant–Native Intermarriage in Modern Sweden


This paper studies just exactly how immigrant–native intermarriages in Sweden are connected with individual faculties of indigenous people and habits of assortative mating. Habits of educational- and age-assortative mating being comparable to the ones that are in native–native marriages may mirror openness to immigrant teams, whereas assortative mating habits that suggest status factors claim that nation of delivery continues to act as a boundary within the marriage market that is native. The analysis makes use of Swedish register information which cover the whole Swedish populace for the amount of 1991–2009. The outcomes from binomial and multinomial logistic regressions show that low status of natives when it comes to financial and demographic traits is connected with intermarriage and that intermarriages are described as academic and age heterogamy more than are native–native marriages. The findings suggest that immigrant females along with immigrant males be a little more appealing wedding lovers if they’re significantly more youthful than their indigenous partners. This is certainly especially true for intermarriages with immigrants from specific elements of beginning, such as for instance spouses from Asia and Africa and husbands from Asia, Africa, together with Middle East. Gender variations in the intermarriage habits of indigenous both women and men are interestingly little.


A distinct function of several wedding areas is homogamy in spousal option. Lovers are usually comparable pertaining to status that is socioeconomicKalmijn 1991), age (van Poppel et al. 2001), education, battle, and faith (Blackwell and Lichter 2004). While there clearly was similarity that is increasing specific traits such as for example training and age over a few years (Schwartz and Mare 2005; Van de Putte et al. 2009), there is a reduction in homogamy with regards to nation of delivery through the increase of intermarriages between natives and immigrants in European countries. Footnote 1 Scholars frequently learn immigrant–native intermarriage into the context of immigrant integration and regularly consider intermarriage whilst the last step up the assimilation process (Gordon 1964). an extremely neglected part of this might be that “it takes two to tango”: it needs the maximum amount of willingness regarding the element of natives to intermarry because it does regarding the element of immigrants. This research addresses an interest who has hitherto been understudied for the reason that it analyses the (inter-)marriage behavior of indigenous Swedes. Footnote 2 centering on the indigenous bulk expands the intermarriage literary works and contributes to a better comprehension of societal openness towards minorities into the marriage market that is majority’s. The characteristics of both the native partner and the immigrant partner, this paper is an important contribution to the intermarriage literature by taking into account. Intermarriage is normally considered to signal the fact various social teams respect the other person as equals (cf. Kalmijn 1991), but marriage may also replicate social hierarchies by excluding particular teams through the pool of possible lovers and reproducing social structures within these. Where intermarriages show systematic habits of hypergamy and hypogamy, this is certainly, indigenous lovers marry up or down in faculties such as for example age and training, it could be figured the lovers try not to consider one another as social equals (Merton 1941). Intermarriage habits consequently have actually the prospective to show implicit hierarchies of immigrants within the marriage market. Footnote 3

The specific concern that this paper tries to response is whether intermarriages are linked to the status of native Swedes aswell as that of immigrants when you look at the Swedish wedding market. By analysing the patient faculties of natives which are connected with intermarriage along with the educational- and age-assortative mating patterns of intermarried partners rather than the simple regularity of these unions, this research plays a https://hookupdate.net/woosa-review/ part in a formerly understudied area when you look at the intermarriage literary works. It utilizes top-notch register information since the whole populace of residents in Sweden and includes all marriages and non-marital unions with typical young ones which were created in the time scale 1991–2009.

Background and past Research on Immigrant–Native Intermarriages in European countries and Sweden

Intermarriage between immigrants and natives has grown generally in most europe in previous decades and it is closely pertaining to the percentage of immigrants in the nation (Lanzieri 2012). This increase that is general intermarriage in European countries is essentially pertaining to a significant boost in intermarriage with partners from nations away from EU (de Valk and Medrano 2014). Intermarriage prices in Sweden have increased constantly since the 1970s, plus the enhance is significantly steeper for males compared to females. Figure 1 shows the proportions of immigrant–native intermarriages (defined right here as marriages between a indigenous swede footnote 4 and their foreign-born partner) and native–native marriages (thought as marriages between two native partners) of most newly contracted marriages created by indigenous Swedes from 1969 to 2009. At the time of 1991 the register extracts found in this paper have an identifier for non-marital cohabitations with typical young ones, that makes it feasible to report the stocks of native–native cohabitation and immigrant–native cohabitation.

Stocks of native–native unions and immigrant–native unions of all of the unions of indigenous Swedish guys and feamales in Sweden 1969–2009

For indigenous females, the stocks of immigrant–native wedding and cohabitation are close in proportions and now have changed just marginally considering that the 1990s; for native males, there clearly was a wider space with immigrant–native cohabitation showing reduced rates with little to no enhance with time and immigrant–native marriages showing greater rates with an even more pronounced increase as time passes.

In previous years, intermarriage between indigenous Swedes and immigrants ended up being dominated by intermarriage along with other Nordic residents, specially Finns (Cretser 1999). Much more the last few years, the rise in intermarriages could be mostly accounted for by the increased quantity of marriages with partners from outside Europe, and Thailand has changed Finland as the utmost regular nation of origin for intermarried immigrant ladies (although Finland continues to be the most frequent nation of beginning for intermarried immigrant males; Haandrikman 2014).

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